Glossary with the basic terms of the course

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Character formatting

Character formatting in text processing has to do with applying formatting properties to enhance the appearance of  individual text characters. Character formats can be applied to a single character, word, sentence or a line of text, without such formatting affecting the entire current paragraph.

Context menu

A context menu is a pop-up menu that provides shortcuts for actions the software developer anticipates the user might want to take.

In a windowed environment, the context menu is accessed with a right mouse click.  For example, if the end user right-clicks in a text document, the pop-up menu will include shortcuts for undo, cut, copy and paste.



A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed, managed, and updated.



A flowchart is a formalized graphic representation of a logic sequence, work or manufacturing process, organization chart, or similar formalized structure. The purpose of a flow chart is to provide people with a common language or reference point when dealing with a project or process. Flowcharts use simple geometric symbols and arrows to define relationships.

Free Software / Open Source Software

Free Software / Open Source Software is the software that everyone can freely use, copy, distribute and modify as needed. It is an alternative model of software development and use based on the free availability of the source code, which allows for changes or improvements to meet the needs of the user.


ISO paper size A

The ISO paper size A standard is based on each size being half of the size of the previous one, when folded parallel to the shorter lengths. This system allows for a variety of useful applications, such as the enlarging and reducing of images without any cutoff or margins, or folding to make a booklet of the next size down.


Line Break

A single break that returns the cursor to the next line and does not create a new paragraph. In HTML, to create a line break, you'd enter the <br> tag. In other programs, the shortcut key to create a line break is Shift+Enter.



In typography, a margin is the area between the main content of a page and the page edges. The margin helps to define where a line of text begins and ends


Open Document Format

The Open Document Format for Office Applications (ODF), also known as OpenDocument, is a XML-based file format for spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing documents. It was developed with the aim of providing an open, XML-based file format specification for office applications


Page Break

A Page Break is a special character inserted by a word processor that marks the end of the current page. After a page break, the following text will start at the beginning of the next page.


In text processing the term 'paragraph' refers to a block of text text is followed by a paragraph mark (¶), which is inserted into the document each time you press the ENTER key.

Paragraph formatting

Paragraph formats affect the appearance of the entire selected paragraph, not just certain words or lines of text within a paragraph. The appearance of a document depends largely on the formatting you apply to the various paragraphs. Examples of formats you can apply to paragraphs include alignment, spacing, borders, bullets and numbering etc.


PDF (Portable Document Format) is a file format that has captured all the elements of a printed document as an electronic image that you can view, navigate, print, or forward to someone else. PDF files are created using Adobe Acrobat, or similar products.

PDF files are especially useful for documents such as magazine articles, product brochures, or flyers in which you want to preserve the original graphic appearance online.


Software suite

A software suite or application suite is a collection of computer programs of related functionality, often sharing a similar user interface and the ability to easily exchange data with each other.


A spreadsheet is a sheet of paper that shows accounting or other data in rows and columns; a spreadsheet is also a computer application program that simulates a physical spreadsheet by capturing, displaying, and manipulating data arranged in rows and columns. The spreadsheet is one of the most popular uses of the personal computer.


SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized programming language used for managing relational databases and performing various operations on the data in them. Initially created in the 1970s, SQL is regularly used by database administrators, as well as by developers and data analysts looking to set up and run analytical queries.



A template is a file that has been created with an overall layout or blueprint with a format to be used for a group of documents or a generic document. For example, a program may have a template for a resume. With a resume template, the overall layout has already been designed with placeholder text (e.g., your objective, previous job experience, etc.) that is replaced with information relevant to you.

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